PRINCIPAL INHABITANTS 1861 Census
RW Standing 2004
This summary, with respect to occupations, is based upon Heads of Households only.
Where possible Tithe Numbers from the c1840 tithe map are quoted [T...] to locate the house, although in many instances the original buildings have been demolished or rebuilt extensively.
Most of the house locations may be found in the maps associated with the c1840 Houses List.
In the downland north of the parish Edward Luck occupied the Lower Barpham farm as he had for some years, with 8 men and two boys on his 380 acres [T20]. At Angmering Park, the house in an outlier of Rustington parish, Thomas Meetens farmed 500 acres. Various other small farms north of the A27 were presumably occupied from elsewhere, as no tenants are named.
In the south of the parish the family Miles were expanding their interest. William Miles with the virtually inherited tenancy of Upper Ecclesden [T300], and his son George at Pound House [T339] on the Olliver farm. William Miles occupied little more than his home farm at 320 acres, with nine men and three boys, but George had far more than the Pound farm in his occupancy of 263 acres with seven men and three boys, in fact according to the rates he also had Upper Barpham, where only bailiffs lived [T18H]. Avenals [T265] was a large farm in its own right and Robert Elliott had that together with Chalk's in his 380 acres, employing nine men and six boys. Being unoccupied at the time, nothing is said of the area farmed by the tenant at Old Place [T451], although by the rates it was John Tompkins. However, at nearby Church Farm [T322] Alfred Heasman, and at Church House [T387] John Heasman, monopolised a vast area of Angmering, including Ham Manor owned by WGK Gratwicke [T68H]. Alfred with 300 acres employing seven men and four boys, while John declared himself as farming 500 acres, which included Ham, with twelve men and six boys. With Ecclesden Manor occupied only by the bailiff [T309], it is unclear who this was then farmed by, although the rates have Fred Bushby as tenant.
That leaves only the smaller concerns in the parish. Thomas Standing holding firm to his virtual smallholding of 28 acres, with only one man and a boy, at Pigeon House [T356]. While at the extreme south of the village James Belchamber occupied land including the Hangleton Farm at 50 acres, with his two men and one boy [T322]. Nothing is said of Nathaniel Sayers landed interest at Yew Trees [T370] but it was mainly use of glebe and under 40 acres. . There was also a John White in one of the two dwellings making up White Lodge [T392] stated to be a dairyman, but exactly where he kept his milch cows is open to question, perhaps on part of Church Farm.
The only miller householder in the village was Peter West at Angmering Cottage [T379]. "Angmering - Reminiscences of bygone days, 2003" recounts how he had the mill at Ecclesden but, about the time of the census, it was damaged in a gale and so he took over the mill in the Street. His son-in-law Frederick Luck later took over.
The one certain gentleman of Angmering lived at Ham Place or Manor [T68H], WGK Gratwicke, but only for a few more years until his decease. At the Malt House [T353] Anne Blunden must have been a well-to-do fund holder. Others who may have hovered about the status, included Susannah Loud at White Lodge, annuitant but late a shopkeeper. Next door at Watertone [T391] a man of independent means. Then at Elmhurst [T390] George Smith, a portrait artist. Several others of 'independent' means lived in the Street.
For the combined ancient parishes of Angmering, Henry Reeks officiated as the sole priest, at the old Rectory [T422] in the Street. His rebuilt church could seat most of the adults in the parish, if it ever needed to.
John Gregory, schoolmaster, no doubt assisted by others, also had a new quarters with a larger school and separate house built by WGK Gratwicke [T385].
Angmering had two establishments, not exactly inns. The Woodman's Arms as it is known, north of the A27 with William Mansell, and the Spotted Cow, Ecclesden [T345], with George Baker, both of them beer shop keepers. The present Spotted Cow had not yet been built on the site. There were three fully fledged inns. The Fox at the boundary with Patching [T193], kept by George Chatfield. William Cheesman at the Red Lion [T410] and opposite him the Lamb Inn with Thomas Wilkinson beginning his long career as host [T380].
Public Office and Railways
George Grant had been many things including clerk to East Preston Incorporation - the workhouse - and currently declared himself to be the registrar of births and deaths, living at the Old House in the Street [T429]. Arthur Baker of Conyers [T383] was of lesser status as the parish overseer of the poor, looking after the interests of village paupers or the ratepayers who raised the poor rate. As one of the earliest representatives of the county police, George Veal had one of the Cressingham cottages [T361]. The post office came under the jurisdiction of Elizabeth Johnson, sub postmistress at Eachways [T374]. And in what was then called Ham Lane, the old railway station built in 1846 still operated under a clerk, John Grover, for there appears to have been no station master.
At that time most tradesmen operated in their own village, along with the ordinary labourers. Occupations mentioned included, thatcher, cordwainer, shoemaker, cook, charwoman, laundress, woodman, nurse, blacksmith, tailor, carpenter, wheelwright, coachman, railway porter, carter, gardener, shepherd, painter, bricklayer, engine driver, groom, huxter, house agent, engineer, potter at Yarmouth, gamekeeper, sexton, and at the Decoy [T164] John Mills perhaps one of the last decoy keepers.
Some of those who perhaps had distinctive shops of one sort or another, included Thomas Green with a blacksmith workshop at Blaber Cottage [T382], and Zebedee Peskett living south of the Red Lion. Also several bakers, Cortis Monk in Water Lane [T261], William Etherington in one of the Red Lion houses [T411] and Henry Grant at Thorpe Cottage [T419]. There were also two butchers of the same family Amoore, with Richard snr in Arundel Road at Aberdeen House [T389] and Richard junr. in the Street at Ivy Cottage [T420], but presumably running the one shop. The two grocers were both in the Street, with Henry Freeland at Commerce House [T367] and Robert Heath of Winchester [T413], next door to William Batcock the saddler, his house therefore becoming known as Saddlers [T414].
RW Standing, 2004